First photo is common error..it's a night shot so you think you need long exposure. Nah, baby, nah. Moon is constantly moving so you need a fast shutter. Good news, you can hand hold the camera.
I first used 15-55 kit lens with my NikonD40 with 1.3 sec shutters on car window ledge & too wide an aperture (4.5)
Then I read to use sunny day rules to shoot just the moon, as it is lit by sun reflection. Best to use 300mm lens but I've only 55-200 mm AV Nikkor lens.
I chickened out some sites suggestion of 250 shutter speeds and went for 125 and 100 w aperture at F8. Next, I shall attempt F11 or F16 and 125. Stay tuned! And if you are reading this on Saturday, look at the moon tonight. Going to be super moon, see link by clicking here. Was gorgeous last night with clouds playing around it. My photos have thin layers of clouds scanning over as I missed the clear sky moment when I was in the grocery.
Some links I found helpful.